Dental Digital Imagery
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Dental digital imagery is very useful in dental treatment. Check out this video to find out more about today's technology.
Transcript: In a world of constant technological improvement, it's no surprise that dental offices are trading in...
In a world of constant technological improvement, it's no surprise that dental offices are trading in traditional x-ray machines for sophisticated digital imaging systems. But is new always better? Traditional x-ray machines send rays THROUGH your mouth where they are either absorbed by the hard tissue of your teeth OR pass through the soft tissue of your gums. The resulting film, or radiograph, reveals any potential problems below the tooth surface and gum line, such as decay, root damage or bone loss. Newer digital x-rays do the same thing, but expose you to far lower levels of radiation. Research shows REPEATED exposure to radiation can INCREASE your risk of cancer. With digital imaging, the x-ray is immediately available for the dentist and can be instantly emailed to referring doctors and insurance companies for faster treatment and compensation. A second type of technology now being used is cone beam CT scanning. This takes 3D image of your teeth and jaws. These images are extremely helpful for dentists performing oral surgery, especially when placing dental implants. Again, these newer machines expose you to just a fraction of the amount of radiation you'd get with regular CT scanners. If all this radiation talk has you freaked out, there are precautions you and your dentist could-AND SHOULD--take. Even with digital x-rays, your dentist should cover your body with a lead bib. If you're pregnant, let your dentist know. He or she may skip the x-ray or if it is an emergency, cover your body the right way to protect the baby. How healthy your teeth are determines how often you should get x-rays. If you're prone to cavities you might need a new set every 6 months while others can go every couple years. If you switch dentists, get copies of your past films to avoid having to take repeats. For more ways to protect your teeth, check out other videos in this series.More »
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A toothache is something that should not be taken casually. Watch the video and learn about the possible causes and various toothache remedies.
Transcript: In life, some things are okay to ignore-like calls from telemarketers and the calorie count on that chocolate...
In life, some things are okay to ignore-like calls from telemarketers and the calorie count on that chocolate bar-- but toothaches are DEFINITELY not one of them, especially when they last longer than a day or two. The NUMBER ONE cause of mouth pain is tooth decay. This is when the enamel, and in some cases, the layers of tooth underneath, called dentin -- are eroded away by plaque and bacteria making your teeth ULTRA-sensitive -- particularly to foods and drinks that are cold, hot, sweet or sour. Sensitivity is USUALLY a sign of a well-established cavity. So, if your teeth hurt, HOLD OFF on the hot drinks and iced treats, and visit your dentist as soon as possible. If it's not cavity, it's probably an infected tooth that needs root canal treatment. Now if you're feeling pain in an area where you ALREADY have a filling that could be a sign that the filling is damaged or has fallen out. Very often, when a tooth with a filling becomes painful to biting, chewing and to cold; it's usually a sign of a broken or fractured tooth. If left untreated, fractured teeth usually have to be taken out and replaced. In fact, the "cracked tooth syndrome" is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults. Another common cause of toothache is GUM DISEASE such as gingivitis or periodontis. The same bad habits that cause cavities, like skipping flossing and not brushing properly or at all, lead to plaque and acid build up that can irritate your gums and eat away at the bone that supports the teeth. If left untreated, this rotting of the bone can actually cause teeth to FALL OUT. Your dentist can fix this, if it is caught early enough, by cleaning the infected area and applying or prescribing an antibiotic to control the bacteria growth that causes gum disease. One more reason your mouth might be sore is that you could UNKNOWINGLY be grinding or clenching your teeth. This condition, also known as a type of Temporomandibular joint disorder, means you're more likely to feel pain where the jaw connects to the skull-about right under each ear. Your dentist might recommend wearing a mouth guard at night or a more permanent splint to protect your teeth and lessen the pressure on your jaw. Other easy treatments for this might include physical therapy specifically for the jaws and even Botox injections -- that's right, the stuff they use for wrinkles -- to relieve the tension in the affected muscles. So, what happens if your dentist can't squeeze you in right away? Alleviate SOME of the pain by rinsing your mouth with warm salt water if you feel swelling or get a bad taste from the area, take a pain-reliever such as aspirin or ibuprofen, and apply an antiseptic with benzocain directly to the tooth and gum. Then, GET TO YOUR DENTIST as soon as you can. For more ways to keep your smile healthy, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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Not removing a wisdom tooth may lead to dental problems such as cavities and infection. Take a look at this video on eisdom teeth removal for information.
Transcript: Thousands of years ago our ancestors used their wisdom teeth to tear through mastodon meat. Now, our...
Thousands of years ago our ancestors used their wisdom teeth to tear through mastodon meat. Now, our diets are MUCH less primitive. So we really don't NEED our wisdom teeth anymore. By the time our wisdom teeth develop -- in our late teens and early twenties -- there's usually not enough room for them to fully grow in behind the second molars. Instead, they usually stay under the gums or even encased in bone. Often, wisdom teeth need to be removed. While some people DO have space in their mouths for wisdom teeth, the fit is usually way too tight. If left alone, they can sometimes damage other teeth and cause gum problems around the wisdom teeth and adjacent teeth. Even if you DON'T feel any pain, your dentist may want to remove the wisdom teeth, especially if they're impacted in any way. This is when a wisdom tooth grows at an angle and either CAN'T break through the gums or is growing up against the tooth next to it making it impossible to clean. Your dentist can tell if this is happening with a routine exam or through a simple x-ray. If left untreated, the impacted tooth, the adjacent tooth, AND the surrounding gums are at high risk of infection, cavities, cysts and in RARE cases tumors. A wisdom tooth that's NOT impacted and has grown through the gums, but is in a position that's causing OTHER problems, is usually extracted easily in a quick outpatient surgery. The dentist will numb you with something like lidocaine and quickly extract the tooth. If the tooth is impacted, or UNDER the gums and bone, your oral surgeon will make a small incision and remove the bone over the tooth. The tooth is then taken out in small pieces to lessen the amount of bone that is removed. It may sound torturous, but you can be partially, if not completely, sedated for the process and you'll feel nothing at all. As with any surgery, there's always a risk of side effects. Although rare, wisdom tooth removal can damage nerves in the jaw, weaken the jawbone, and can cause a risk of infection at the removal site. Probably the most common side effect though, is what's called a dry socket. No one really knows for sure why it happens, but sometimes the site where the tooth was taken out doesn't heal normally at the beginning and this can cause pain. But MOST of the time, the dentist can easily correct this by simply rinsing out the area and packing it with medicine. More commonly, you might have swelling and mild discomfort as your mouth heals. But your oral surgeon can prescribe painkillers to make you more comfortable. For more on smart tooth care, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-19 | Tags »
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How does tooth decay cause health problems? Watch this video to learn abou the relationship between your teeth and your health.
Transcript: If cavities and bad breath aren't enough to make you floss and brush regularly, you can add heart disease,...
If cavities and bad breath aren't enough to make you floss and brush regularly, you can add heart disease, Alzheimer's, and other serious conditions to the list. Turns out your ORAL health may have a surprising influence on your OVERALL health. So, what do your teeth have to do with the rest of your body? Experts believe that infections-even small ones-can harm OTHER vital systems. Take heart disease, for example: It's thought that the bacteria associated with gum diseases, such as periodontis, can make their way into the blood stream triggering inflammation of blood vessels. While it's not the primary cause, this may be a contributor to heart complications or stroke. This potential link is still being researched, but medical experts feel you should keep dental hygiene a top priority. This same bacteria found in gum disease is also believed to significantly increase your risk of dementia and Alzheimer's. Again, some researchers have shown that once in your bloodstream, the bacteria may contribute to brain inflammation and a breakdown of essential neurons. It also works the other way around. Gum disease and tooth decay can be a SIGN of a BIGGER underlying problem like diabetes, immune disorders, blood diseases and HIV.With diabetes, poor blood sugar control can bring about a gum infection. And HIV can cause painful lesions in the mouth. If you have any changes in your oral health, visit your dentist as soon as possible.Tooth decay can also point to an eating disorder. Repeated episodes of vomiting - as seen in bulimia - release stomach acids that wear away tooth enamel and lead to gum disease and a specific pattern of tooth decay or erosion. And the self-starvation of anorexia robs the body of adequate vitamins and minerals necessary for healthy teeth and gums. Often a dentist can be the FIRST to diagnose an eating disorder due to the severity and patterns of oral decay. For more ways to protect your teeth - and your health --, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-27 | Tags »
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Does diabetes have an impact on your teeth? Watch this for the connection between diabetes & your teeth.
Transcript: If you're one of the 23.6 million Americans with diabetes, you know that taking care of your body is...
If you're one of the 23.6 million Americans with diabetes, you know that taking care of your body is extra important. And that goes for your mouth as well. Whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, you're at a higher risk of dental problems. Why? Well, diabetes causes blood vessels to thicken, putting a roadblock in the way of getting key nutrients flowing into your gums, and getting harmful elements out. This slowdown of normal blood flow weakens your gums and teeth, making them prone to infections such as gingivitis and periodontal disease. And if you're a smoker, your gum disease risk is MULTIPLIED. Also, because diabetics heal more slowly, gum infections are more severe and frequent. If left untreated, gum disease can wear away at your gums and jawbone. If your gums are swollen, irritated, or bleeding, see your dentist RIGHT away. Keeping your blood glucose levels in check is vital. The higher your blood sugar levels, the higher the risk you'll get cavities. The sugars and starches in your saliva mix with the natural bacteria in your mouth, creating plaque. The more sugars in your system, the more plaque there is to sit on your teeth and erode the enamel. A side effect of diabetes that can ALSO contribute to cavities is dry mouth. Saliva washes away leftover food and helps excess bacteria from growing. If your mouth stays dry for long periods of time, this can irritate the gums making them susceptible to infection. Your dentist may prescribe a wash or other medicine to keep your mouth moisturized. You can also try sucking on ice chips, or sugar-free candy and gum. Avoid salty foods, caffeine, and alcohol. Aside from monitoring your blood sugar, diabetic oral hygiene is pretty standard. Daily flossing, brushing after meals, and regular trips to the dentist are all crucial. For more ways to keep you and your mouth healthy, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-08-29 | Tags »
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Did you know that constantly grinding your teeth damages them? Thankfully, there are teeth grinding remedies that can help you get over this problem. Watch our video to know more.
Transcript: Let's talk about bruxism. No, it's not the name of a new heavy metal band, it's the medical term for...
Let's talk about bruxism. No, it's not the name of a new heavy metal band, it's the medical term for teeth grinding. Most people who grind their teeth don't even realize it - but are unknowingly damaging their teeth -- AND their smiles. There are different reasons for teeth grinding. The triggers vary from your STRESS level and diet to the alignment of your teeth, and even your POSTURE. Grinding is MORE common while sleeping, but it CAN happen during the day or night without you noticing. That is, until it starts to cause pain. Repeated gnashing and grinding of your teeth can wear away the enamel, flatten and even chip your teeth. This makes them MORE sensitive and prone to FURTHER decay. You may also experience pain or tightness in your jaw that can then cause headaches and earaches. If you have any of these symptoms, you need to see your dentist. If you grind your teeth regularly, you may eventually need heavy-duty dental work like root canals, crowns, or EVEN false teeth. Luckily, there are preventive measures. If you're a night grinder, your dentist can fit you with a mouth guard to keep your teeth from rubbing together. You can also wear a splint 24/7. The splints, made of hard acrylic, either fit over a few or all of your top or bottom teeth, and are custom fitted to ensure your jaw can close properly. These splints, or guards, are designed to keep your teeth from touching each other, while letting your jaw relax, preventing clenching and grinding. Changing your daily habits can help as well. A diet high in caffeine or low in vitamin C is linked to teeth grinding. If your bruxism is stress related, relaxation techniques like yoga, massage and meditation may be all you need. Here's another trick: If you notice that you're clenching your mouth during the day, stick the tip of your tongue between your teeth. Over time, this will relax your jaw naturally.. To learn more about protecting your smile, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-28 | Tags »
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TMJ & jaw clenching can make something as simple as chewing painful. Find out why it happens and how to ease it .
Transcript: You know that feeling you get in your jaw after chewing gum too long? Tight, achy and tender to the touch....
You know that feeling you get in your jaw after chewing gum too long? Tight, achy and tender to the touch. Now imagine being stuck with that every day-only worse. This is what people with temporo-mandibular joint or TMJ disorders, feel on a regular basis if they go untreated. The good news for the 10 million people with TMJ disorders is that there are ways to lessen-- if not eliminate-- this condition. TMJ disorders are typically characterized by severe pain where your jawbone connects to your skull on either side of the head. So, right here: just under and in front of each ear. Some people's jaws may make clicking sounds as they move their mouths. Others may have trouble opening their jaws or sometimes their jaw actually gets stuck in a certain position. People GET TMJ problems for many reasons. The exact cause is often hard to pinpoint, but many times an injury, arthritis, or constant teeth clenching are to blame. Often, a TMJ issue will go away on its own; but for relief in the meantime, stick with eating soft foods, cut out gum chewing, and apply warm water compresses to relax the muscles. Medicines like ibuprofen and aspirin can also lessen the pain. If that doesn't work, head to your dentist. If your TMJ problem is caused by jaw clenching or misalignment, your dentist may make you a mouth guard to wear at night, or a more permanent splint that stays in all day. BOTH are hard plastic mouthpieces and designed to reduce pressure on your mouth. And, don't confuse these with the rubbery mouth guards you buy at the drugstore or sporting goods store - those are only for protecting the teeth from injury, NOT for TMJ problems. The soft, rubbery guards can actually make a TMJ problem worse! If your dentist suggests SURGERY, it might be wise to hold off-or at least get a second opinion. Surgery is a DRASTIC step and there are currently no clinical studies to show that it really CURES TMJ. But there are some anatomical anomalies that require surgical intervention. And you can usually prevent TMJ issues from becoming a pain in the mouth. If you catch yourself clenching your teeth, try sticking your tongue between your teeth so you don't end up biting down hard. And if you find yourself slouching, practice good posture so you don't cause unnecessary pulling on your jaw.To learn about other oral aches and pains, check out more videos in this series.More »
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Is chewing gum bad for your teeth? Well, it depends. Some gums could actually help your dental health. Watch our video for more.
Transcript: You've heard the claims: Chewing gum helps fight cavities, freshen breath and whiten your smile. But...
You've heard the claims: Chewing gum helps fight cavities, freshen breath and whiten your smile. But how do these statements stand up against science? Surprisingly -- pretty well. One ingredient you've probably seen on product packaging is Xylitol. This artificial sweetener helps give gum flavor, and ALSO inhibits cavity-causing bacteria from GROWING in your mouth - so, the more you chew, LESS bacteria can survive. When the Xylitol comes in contact with your teeth, it prevents plaque build up. Studies have found that chewing gum with Xylitol 3 to 5 times A DAY for at least 5 minutes can boost your dental health. Sounds too good to be true? Well, some dentists ARE skeptical of Xylitol's safety because it CAN cause stomachaches and intestinal issues. But the benefits from chewing a few pieces of gum far outweigh the large amount needed to cause stomach issues. Even the FDA has deemed Xylitol safe to consume on a regular basis. While the mint flavor in gum helps cover up bad breath, it's the ACT of chewing that reduces your chances of gum disease and cavities. CHEWING stimulates saliva production, which washes away food particles and acids that rot teeth and gums. The BEST time to chew is after a meal for at least 20 minutes. There CAN be a downside to too much gum though, ESPECIALLY if it's not sugar-free. Chewing gum with sugar cancels ANY of the beneficial effects I just talked about - because the sugars STICK to your teeth and INCREASE the formation of cavity-forming plaque. Instead, grab sugar-free gum with the American Dental Association seal. This certifies that the claims on the package have been SCIENTIFICALLY proven. For more ways to protect your teeth -- check out other videos in this series.More »
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Dental Fluorosis can start from an early age. The initial signs are quite minimal, but they may result in white speckled teeth. Find out more about this here.
Transcript: Nobody likes yellow, stained teeth. But imagine obvious white specks on your teeth that can NEVER be...
Nobody likes yellow, stained teeth. But imagine obvious white specks on your teeth that can NEVER be brushed away.Those specks may be a condition called FLUOROSIS, where fluoride mineralizes on the outer layer of your teeth, damaging the enamel surface. In mild cases, it's nothing more than a whitish spot making the rest of the tooth look yellower in comparison. In more severe cases, mottling of the enamel leads to black and brown stains, and cracking and pitting of the teeth, making them MORE susceptible overall to cavities and tooth decay. Fluorosis FIRST develops in CHILDREN, between the ages of 1 and 4. -- BEFORE permanent teeth come in. Fluoride exposure is MOST critical at this time because permanent teeth are still developing. While the amount of fluoride that's added to water by city municipalities IS NOT a problem, some communities have higher concentrations of naturally occurring fluoride, that CAN cause MILD to moderate cases of fluorosis. The fluoride in toothpastes IS NOT an issue if not swallowed in large amounts. Plus, most children's toothpastes are fluoride- free. Past the age of 8, however, additional fluorosis is not USUALLY a risk. The EFFECTS of fluorosis are IRREVERSIBLE and preventive measures would have to be taken when the child was very young. If you want to get rid of those pesky specks, though, you've got options. Bleaching or even abrasion can take care of mild cases. Abrasion finely sands off the outer layer of stained enamel, leaving you speck-free. If your case is more severe, abrasion will take off too much enamel, which is why composite bonding and porcelain veneers may be a better bet. In composite bonding, the enamel is treated or etched with a mild acid so a composite resin can be bonded on to the tooth surface. With veneers, a ceramic SHELL is placed over the front of the tooth. Both look good initially, but while bonding is less EXPENSIVE than veneers, it tends to discolor over time and is considered less permanent.For more ways to make your smile look amazing, check out other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-08-29 | Tags »
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Want to make your stained, yellow teeth pearly white again? There are a variety of teeth whitening methods to consider, from at-home remedies to treatments at your dentist's office. Watch the video to learn more.
Transcript: Amazingly-white teeth are no longer just for the Brad Pitts and Megan Fox's of the world. We can all...
Amazingly-white teeth are no longer just for the Brad Pitts and Megan Fox's of the world. We can all have celeb-worthy smiles thanks to better quality at-home whitening products and the reduced costs of in-office procedures. But before you commit, let's go over your options. Professional in-office procedures are the QUICKEST, most effective, safest but MOST EXPENSIVE option. The average price ranges from five hundred to twelve hundred dollars for your full mouth, but the results last 1 to 3 years. Using a peroxide agent and a bright light or laser to speed up the whitening process, your dentist can significantly whiten your teeth in one visit. Multiple application of the breaching solution is usually required to achieve results. Tooth whitening can also be PRESCRIBED by your dentist as an at-home treatment. A little cheaper at three to six hundred dollars, it includes custom-made mouthpieces (or trays) and a whitening gel. The fit of these custom trays is essential for the at home process to work effectively and safely. Depending on the kit, and how much bleaching you want, you either wear it a few hours a day or overnight for a week or 2. Warning, though, while ALL professional bleachings will whiten your NATURAL teeth, they WON'T lighten any existing dental work like caps, crowns, veneers or bonding. A more wallet-friendly, but somewhat less effective whitening option is over-the-counter whitening strips, rinses or toothpaste. These contain the SAME or similar peroxide whitening ingredients that your dentist uses, but in a lower dose. At-home whiteners are good for minimizing stains caused by drinking coffee and tea, or smoking. Your brighter smile usually lasts a few months or up to a year with over-the-counter products, so you'll need to repeat the process more often. While whiter teeth always look nice, there ARE a few minor side effects. The hydrogen peroxide used can increase temperature sensitivity of the teeth, and OVERUSE of at-home products can actually wear away tooth enamel, also leading to increased sensitivity. The sensitivity is usually TEMPORARY, but talk to your dentist if it persists. And, since at home products don't use a custom-fitted delivery tray, there are often small portions of the teeth that may not bleach, leaving spotty results. Also, the gums can be injured or irritated by the bleaching products, especially when not contained by a well-fitted custom tray so talk to your dentist if you develop any soreness in your gums. For more ways to keep your teeth gleaming, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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The food you eat, the drinks you guzzle and the smokes you puff may all be staining your teeth. Find out more about tooth stain strategies that will help you avoid discoloration.
Transcript: Have you SEEN what coffee and cigarettes can do to your teeth? Between the resin from the tobacco and...
Have you SEEN what coffee and cigarettes can do to your teeth? Between the resin from the tobacco and the pigments in coffee, you can wind up with SERIOUS stains. Your teeth stain because the tooth enamel is POROUS enough to absorb the color - or pigments - in your food and drink. Highly acidic foods are even MORE likely to stain because they wear down that enamel. Sugars can also contribute to staining. Sugars COAT the teeth, leading to plaque build-up, which in turn attracts the pigments from foods and drinks. Luckily, there ARE strategies you can take to safeguard against EMBARRASSING stains. Watch your drink choices. Teas, packed with TANNINS are actually MORE of a stain-causer culprit than coffee. But don't reach for fruit juice as an alternative! Most juices are loaded with POTENT food coloring, and SPORTS DRINKS aren't ANY better -- research has shown that these ACIDIC drinks can soften tooth enamel, setting the stage for staining. Also, avoid SODAS. They're packed with phosphoric and citric acids AND have MASSIVE amounts of sweetener, promoting tooth decay. Even acidic alcohols such as beer and wine - including white wine -- should be consumed in moderation. When it comes to stain-causing FOODS, watch out for tomatoes - and tomato SAUCE - beets, pomegranates, grapes, and heavily pigmented berries, such as blueberries, blackberries, cherries and other intensely colored fruits. Dark-colored acidic foods, including soy sauce and balsamic vinegar, WEAKEN the enamel and ABSORB into its pores. Even curry powders and sauces can stain white teeth yellow. Aside from changing your diet, what's the best way to keep your teeth stain-free? I'm sure this will come as NO surprise: brush AND floss after EVERY meal. The longer the staining residue sits on your teeth, the deeper it will seep. Also, carry a travel size MOUTHWASH with you to rinse away food debris and prevent the build up of dental plaque. Even swishing water through your mouth after a dark drink can protect you until you're able to brush. For more ways to make your smile sparkle, check out other videos in this series.More »
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In any sport, there's always the potential for tooth injury. 5 million teeth are accidentally knocked out in the U.S. each year. Watch these to learn what needs to be done whne it comes to fake teeth for athletes.
Transcript: Ever catch a glimpse of hockey great Mark Messier's grin? You should take a look. Those perfectly aligned...
Ever catch a glimpse of hockey great Mark Messier's grin? You should take a look. Those perfectly aligned gleaming white teeth are actually FAKES. Matter of fact, many professional AND high school athletes have several fake teeth scattered throughout their mouths. In any sport, there's always the potential for tooth injury, so it's no surprise that 5 million teeth are accidentally knocked out in the U.S. each year. And it's ALSO no surprise that most people don't know what to do about it in an emergency. If a permanent tooth has been knocked out or is broken, the MOST IMPORTANT thing to do is to FIND the tooth. If it's intact, clean it off thoroughly and put it back into its space. If this is NOT possible, place the tooth UNDER the tongue in saliva. In either case, it is URGENT that you get to a dentist as SOON as possible - ideally, within the first 15-30 minutes. If the injured person happens to be hysterical, unconscious or is a child, simply place the tooth in iced MILK until a dentist can reposition it. Milk contains proteins that keep a constant acid to alkaline ratio, in addition to anti-bacterial substances - so it's a better preservative for a living tooth. Well sometimes a tooth CAN be put back into place permanently, your dentist may need to replace the lost tooth with EITHER a fixed bridge or an implant. Today, we normally use IMPLANTS rather than fixed bridges, so we can AVOID drilling down healthy teeth for bridge supports. Depending on their condition, there are several options to correct teeth that have been INJURED but NOT knocked out -- such as those pushed out of position, fractured, or chipped. From simple bonding and porcelain veneers to possible root canal treatments with crowns or even SPLINTING teeth together for support while they heal. YOUNG athletes are advised to wait until their playing days are over before getting PERMANENT restorations to minimize damage to new dental work. In these cases, removable teeth provide a temporary fix. Often, the end effects of an injury aren't evident for years to come. Trauma to a tooth may lead to disintegration of the root or nerve death, causing pain and darkening of the tooth. These cases often require a root canal treatment or EVEN extraction. To prevent tooth loss while participating in sports, most athletes use MOUTHGUARDS to protect their teeth while playing. According to the American Dental Association, an athlete is 60 TIMES more likely to suffer tooth damage when NOT using a mouth guard. For more information on cosmetic dentistry procedures, check out more videos in this series.More »
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