Genital Warts: Harmless or Hazardous?
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HPV, an extremely common STD, is the culprit behind genital warts. These bumps can be embarrassing and painful, but are they dangerous to your health? Learn more now.
Transcript: Every year 500,000 to a million people get genital warts - men AND women. They're ugly, contagious, and...
Every year 500,000 to a million people get genital warts - men AND women. They're ugly, contagious, and treatment can be downright painful, but are they a major health risk? Luckily, the answer is NO. There's a common myth that having genital warts put you at risk for cancer. The confusion is based on the fact that genital warts and cervical cancer are both caused by the human papillomavirus-also called HPV--but by very different strands. So how can you tell if you've contracted this STD? Genital warts are rough or smooth surfaced, fleshy growths that can be found on the penis, vagina, around the anus, and in rare cases in and around the mouth. But sexual intercourse isn't the only way to pass them along-- transmission can also happen during oral sex or other skin-to-skin contact. Once contracted, it can take anywhere from 6 weeks to 6 MONTHS before warts appear. Because other STDs can also cause bumps to grow "down there," visit your doctor to have them checked out. With time, genital warts will eventually go away on their own. Because of their location, they can become uncomfortable, so getting them treated is better than waiting. NEVER try to get rid of them with over-the-counter wart removers. Because the skin is very sensitive on your genitals, these peels can end up causing more pain and irritation. Instead, opt for one of the treatments your doctor has to offer. Some topical medications help your immune system fight off warts, while others kill off the wart tissue. Also, your doctor can use trichloroacetic acid to burn off the warts, or use liquid nitrogen to freeze the skin and kill the infected tissue. Even after all warts are gone, you're not totally in the clear. The virus will always live in your system, meaning the warts can come back at any time. To avoid passing them to your partner, abstain from sex until you've been treated. And in the future, always use a condom. If you don't have genital warts, another option for protecting yourself is the HPV vaccine, Gardasil. You probably thought that Gardasil was only for females, but the FDA has approved it for use in males ages 9-26. Gardasil protects you from multiple strands of HPV, 2 of those being ones that cause genital warts. For more ways to keep everything below the belt problem-free, check out the other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-17 | Tags »
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Suddenly there's an angry red splotch on your skin. Is it eczema -- or something else? Watch this video to learn about Rashes: causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Transcript: Rashes are a pain. But what causes them and how do you treat them? The most COMMON rash is called dermatitis....
Rashes are a pain. But what causes them and how do you treat them? The most COMMON rash is called dermatitis. It's caused by a reaction to irritants like soaps, latex, clothing dyes, and poison ivy. Usually, the skin will become irritated, swollen and itchy, but bad attacks can cause the skin to OOZE or blister. Dermatitis can usually be treated with over-the-counter creams with hydrocortisone or steroids. Avoid triggers in the future to KEEP it gone. Allergic reactions can also appear as hives or welt-like marks. They last from a few MINUTES to a few DAYS. They often go away on their own and antihistamines can help fight the reaction and keep it from spreading. ECZEMA, another common rash, appears as scaly, itchy patches usually on your arms and in the backs of your legs. The exact cause is BELIEVED to be a combination of really dry skin, a long-term reaction to irritants , and an imbalance of the immune system. Depending on severity, treatment includes prescription creams or pills, antibiotics to prevent infected wounds, or in rare cases medications that work with your immune system to prevent reactions. Good skin hydration therapy is the best thing you can do to prevent flare-ups. This includes limited bathing and soap use, and aggressive moisturizer application to WET skin. PSORIASIS is another condition that plagues many people. This is an inherited disease that causes skin cells to grow too quickly, resulting in built-up skin that looks like white, red or silvery patches. Outbreaks most often show up on the knees, elbows, lower back, and your scalp. There's no cure, and mild cases can be treated and prevented with products found at the drugstore. Look for creams and ointments that contain salicylic acid, which can help take off old skin cells, and coal tar, which slows the growth of new ones. Moisturize skin daily with a heavy cream or lotion to help heal and reduce itching. Treatment should be monitored by a dermatologist-we have many treatments for it, ranging from creams to injections and even lasers. If you get a rash on your chest and back that began with one or two larger, scaly red patches, chances are you have Pityriasis Rosea. These markings are believed to be caused by a virus and typically fade on their own within about 8 weeks. Topical steroid treatments can help with the itch, and sometimes antibiotics can clear the rash faster. If you're ever unsure about a rash, see your doctor. Early treatment is the best way to keep it from spreading. For more great skin tips, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-11 | Tags »
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Warts are more common than you may think. These non-cancerous tumors are caused by HPV. Depending on the type of wart you have treatments will vary. Watch this video to learn more.
Transcript: Pop quiz: People catch warts from: A. frogs, B. toads, or C. the human papillomavirus, also known as...
Pop quiz: People catch warts from: A. frogs, B. toads, or C. the human papillomavirus, also known as HPV? If you guessed C, you're correct! Warts are actually non-cancerous tumors that grow on the top layer of your skin. And as you already know, they are caused by HPV. Because there are over 100 different types of HPV, each strain can have different effects on the body, so that's why there are multiple types of warts. "Common warts" are what affect most people. They have a rough, grainy texture and fleshy color. These warts can be passed from person to person through touching or through objects like razors or blankets used by someone carrying HPV. You can also spread warts on your own body by touching open cuts or scrapes. Common warts can be treated with over-the-counter medications containing salicylic acid. With these medications, it can take up to 12 weeks to completely GET rid of a wart. For a faster fix, your doctor can do 3 things. One, freeze the wart off with liquid nitrogen -- tough warts may need multiple treatments. Two, he can apply cantharidin, a substance that causes the skin to blister, lifting the wart off your skin to be cut away. Or if all else fails, the wart can be surgically sliced or lasered off. Because of the risk of scarring, this is usually avoided. A second type of wart, plantar warts, grow strictly on the soles of the feet. They are usually a flesh, gray, or brown color. It's common to see little black dots in these, which are caused by the bleeding of small blood vessels into the tissue. Plantar warts ARE treated the same ways as common warts, but because they are more stubborn, they'll PROBABLY need professional removal. To prevent getting them in the first place, always wear shoes where people go BAREFOOT, like around pools and in locker rooms. Flat warts are smooth, flat topped warts that can grow in large numbers of 20 to 100 on the face or along scratch marks. While they are more common in children, men can get them mainly along their beard line and women on their legs. Because of their large numbers, these can be tricky to cure. Topical treatments containing salicylic acid, tretinoin, or glycolic acid work best. For more information on other skin issues, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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Genital skin conditions in women are not uncommon and can be quite irritating. If you experience them, watch this video to inform yourself.
Transcript: The eye and the vagina are the body's ONLY self-cleaning systems. But even the female private parts are...
The eye and the vagina are the body's ONLY self-cleaning systems. But even the female private parts are susceptible to a slew of irritating skin conditions. However, knowing what they are and how to treat them can save you from unnecessary discomfort. First up, the common yeast infection. Most women suffer from AT LEAST one during their lifetimes. Yeast is a type of healthy fungus that most women have in their bodies at all times. But due to injury or infection, the bacteria that keeps the fungus in check isn't able to prevent yeast overgrowth. The result is a white, odorless discharge. Other major symptoms include intense itching and soreness of the vagina. Over-the-counter antifungal creams or suppositories make it easy to treat the condition at home. Bacterial vaginitis shares symptoms with a yeast infection: it causes inflammation and itching of the vagina as well as increased discharge with a fishy scent. It is caused by a surge of bad bacteria in the system. There is always bacteria within the vagina, but there's USUALLY more good than bad. Sex with multiple partners, smoking, antibiotic use, and douching can put you at risk of this infection, which throws your bacteria out of balance. Luckily, this problem usually clears itself up within a few days. If you're pregnant, see your doctor immediately -there IS risk of a miscarriage, early delivery and other complications. A third regular cause of red, itchy vaginal skin is vulvar dermatitis. This is triggered by a reaction to irritants like soap, scented pads, latex condoms, or EVEN a tight bathing suit. Most rashes go away once the irritant is eliminated. A hydrocortisone cream or lotion can also be used to help stop the itch. There are a number of sexually transmitted diseases that can cause an outbreak below the belt, too -- the most common being genital warts. Brought about by the transition of the human papillomavirus, or HPV, flesh-colored lumps grow around and in the vagina and anus. While they're usually NOT harmful, they can be both uncomfortable and easy to pass along to your partner. And, it's important to have them checked out by your doctor because certain types of genital warts can develop into cancer. Never attempt removal with store-bought treatments. Instead, visit your doctor who can apply or prescribe meds designed to kill stubborn warts. If you find something unfamiliar in your genital area, it's ALWAYS best to see your doctor as a precaution. For more information on skin conditions and skincare, check out other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-10-29 | Tags »
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Skin tags are common skin issues. Watch our video and learn about skin tags causes & removal tips.
Transcript: So you've been tagged...no, not in a Facebook photo--on your skin! Skin tags, or acrochordons, are small...
So you've been tagged...no, not in a Facebook photo--on your skin! Skin tags, or acrochordons, are small growths of tissue that hang off the skin. Most importantly, they are totally normal and if you want, easy to have removed. You're probably wondering what CAUSED these seemingly random growths in the first place. While experts are not 100% sure of the reason, they believe friction plays a major role. This is why they are commonly found where skin can become easily IRRITATED by clothing like the neck, chest, armpits, back, and under folds of flesh. They tend to be more common in women, especially those who are pregnant, those who are overweight or are gaining weight, and the elderly. Skin tags usually start as a small pinhead-sized bump, and grow up to the size of 2 to 5 millimeters. These flesh or brown-colored growths can be smooth or slightly wrinkly, and are attached to the body by a small stalk. They are harmless, common, and generally painless growths. Once in a while, they can become irritated after rubbing against something like clothing or jewelry. While skin tags sometimes fall off on their own when snagged or pulled, they're usually with you for life. Many people decide to remove them for cosmetic reasons. One mistake people make with skin tags is using home remedies, like tying a string around them to stop the blood flow, instead of seeing a dermatologist. And sometimes, skin tags can resemble other more harmful conditions like skin cancers, and should be looked at by a professional. To remove your tags, a doctor usually will do one of three things: cut, freeze, or burn them off. While all sound intimidating, they are virtually painless. To cut off a tag, your doctor uses sterile scissors and a local anesthetic if needed. During the freezing process, // called cryosurgery // the growths are flash frozen with liquid nitrogen, destroying the tissue. The third method of burning //called electrosurgery //uses electrical energy to destroy the skin tag. Once removed, the same skin tag will not grow back, but new ones can appear at any time. For more ways to keep your skin smooth and blemish free, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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Do you have acne or dry skin? These are common skin problems that affect thousands of people around the world. Watch this video to learn quick skin care tips.
Transcript: Your skin acts as your number one defense against heat, light, injury, and INVADERS like germs, bacteria,...
Your skin acts as your number one defense against heat, light, injury, and INVADERS like germs, bacteria, and disease. And like any barrier under attack, it can sometimes get damaged. Here's how to fight 5 common skin problems. #1: Acne is obviously a major skin issue. These pus-filled, pink bumps form when dirt and oil clogs pores. . To keep your complexion clear, wash your skin with a gentle soap, twice a day. Stick with oil-free or non-comedogenic (that means non-pore-blocking) products to avoid blocking your pores further. Over-the-counter medications containing benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, or salicylic acid can help dry up zits and remove clogging debris. #2: Dry skin is a condition that few of us escape, especially during winter when there's little humidity in the air. Besides the weather, everything from hot showers, harsh soaps, detergents and sun exposure to central heat and air conditioning can leave you with sandpaper skin. LOCK in moisture and HEAL roughness by applying a cream, lotion or oilat least once daily, especially right after showering. But, make sure to use different moisturizers for your face and body-THICK moisturizers on your FACE can clog pores and cause pimples. # 3: Razor bumps. These pimple-like spots are caused when individual hairs get trapped under the skin after shaving. You can prevent them by shaving directly AFTER a shower, while your pores are open. Always pull the razor in the direction of hair growth, and use a shaving cream to eliminate drag. #4: Blisters. These fluid-filled sacks crop up on our skin as our body attempts to protect an injured area. Usually, they form when something rubs against our skin, like our shoes, but can also be caused by burns or skin infections like eczema. What's "fun" about blisters is that you can pop them on your own. Get rid of germs by washing your hands and rubbing the blister with alcohol. Take a sterilized pin and poke a small hole to allow the fluid to completely leak out. Lastly, apply an antibiotic ointment and bandage. #5: Sun damage. It's the cause of everything from wrinkles to brown spots to skin cancer. Protect yourself from skin-frying UVA and UVB rays by applying a broad spectrum sunscreen every day before heading outdoors, even when it's cloudy or rainy- you'll need about one ounce or a shot glass worth to fully cover your body. For more flawless-skin tips, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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When skin moisturizer isn’t enough, you may need medication and treatments. Watch this video to see what could help you.
Transcript: We all get the occasional case of "lizard skin," especially during the dry months of winter. But when...
We all get the occasional case of "lizard skin," especially during the dry months of winter. But when your flesh becomes DESERT-like, another layer of lotion WON'T work. Most of the time, an underlying condition is to blame. Here's what could be drying YOU out. The two most common culprits are eczema and psoriasis. Eczema is when your skin becomes dry and peely, ESPECIALLY on your arms, legs, face and hands. What's to blame? Usually both genetics AND environmental irritants. While regular moisturizing helps prevent a flare up, you REALLY need prescription strength cortisone ointments to help stop the itch and heal the skin. Factors that worsen eczema include long, hot baths, sweating, stress, cigarette smoke and more. The second culprit? Psoriasis, a condition, that, due to an imbalance in the immune system, causes skin cells to grow faster than they're shed. This forms thick layers of flaky skin. Your dermatologist can give you medications, like corticosteroids, retinoids, and coal tar to help slow skin growth and remove the outer layers of dead cells. And yeah, coal tar, a byproduct of coal processing, SOUNDS scary-but it's available as an ingredient in several NON-scary forms, such as lotions, foams, creams, gels and soaps. For severe cases, you MIGHT need pills or injections that suppress the immune system and calm that red, scaly skin down. One oft-overlooked contributor of dry skin is hypothyroidism. This is when your body doesn't make enough thyroid hormone. It causes dry skin, plus: brittle nails, weight gain, fatigue and depression. Your doctor can prescribe medication to help regulate this disease AND prevent those symptoms. If your dry, flaky skin is solely on your FEET (no pun intended), you probably have a case of athlete's foot. This is caused by a fungus you could have picked up anywhere from public dressing rooms to pools to locker rooms. Try treating with an over-the-counter antifungal medication. If that doesn't work, your doctor can prescribe a stronger version. If you scratch your dry skin, it can put you at risk of infection, no matter WHAT the initial cause. If it becomes red, warm and swollen or oozes, see your doctor for antibiotics to prevent permanent scarring or worse. For more ways to keep your skin happy, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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Your dry and itchy skin could be a sign of eczema. Watch this video to help you in understanding eczema and treating it effectively.
Transcript: Your skin is dry, incredibly itchy... and it's driving you insane. This is not your normal case of under-moisturizing....
Your skin is dry, incredibly itchy... and it's driving you insane. This is not your normal case of under-moisturizing. So what's going on? There is a good chance you could have eczema. This non-contagious disease is believed to be triggered by genetics COMBINED with long-term exposure to allergens like food, plants, or substances in the air. DON'T confuse eczema with psoriasis, which involves the building up of skin cells, resulting in a rash. It's most common in babies and children, but adults are still susceptible, ESPECIALLY if you live in a city or dry climate. Red, swollen, INTENSELY itchy or burning skin is the first sign of a flare up. Depending on how bad your case is, this can turn into dry flaking or blisters and seeping lesions. These patches can show up anywhere on the body, but usually appear on the inside of your elbows, backs of the knees, and on your face and hands. The sooner you treat it, the sooner you can ditch the discomfort-no matter WHAT body part is affected. The most common method of attack is a prescribed topical medication. Corticosteroid creams and ointments can be used to control the itch. The only downside-- long term use can cause the skin to thin and lighten. Immunomodulators make up a newer type of topical cream that reduces both inflammation and your immune system's reaction, and have few side effects. When topical medications aren't enough, your doctor may give you a stronger oral corticosteroid. Antibiotics may also be used if the skin has become infected. In severe cases, you may be given an immune suppressing medication, but only for a short period of time because of harmful side effects like increased risk of cancer and infections. While there is no cure for eczema, there ARE changes you can make to prevent a reaction -- such as changing your bathing routine. Try showering every OTHER day, instead of every day, using warm, not hot water. Wash with a mild, sensitive skin soap to avoid drying. And when you towel off, PAT yourself dry to keep from removing essential oils. Finally, finish off by applying a thick lotion or oil to lock in moisture. To learn more about other common skin conditions, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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Dermatitis can be used to describe almost any type of rash. Watch this video to learn about the different types of dermatitis and how they can be treated effectively.
Transcript: Here's your vocab word for the day: dermatitis. It means swollen, itchy skin. And almost any type of...
Here's your vocab word for the day: dermatitis. It means swollen, itchy skin. And almost any type of rash, dryness, or skin irritation can be blamed as being some form of it. Most of us deal with a type of dermatitis on a regular basis. Recognizing what YOU have and how to treat it can save you from A LOT of unnecessary discomfort. The most common culprit is contact dermatitis. This is when your body reacts to touching a foreign substance by forming a rash. Triggers are different for everyone, but are usually brought about by two categories of factors. The first -- irritants, like soaps, deodorants, or cosmetics. After repeated use they can cause dry, itchy patches of skin, usually on the hands and face. The second category encompasses contact with allergic reaction causes, like latex, metals, perfumes, medications or plants like poison ivy. The resulting reaction can vary -- form a tender rash or bumps to, in extreme cases, blisters. Treatment is simple-- the rash should clear up in a few weeks if you avoid your triggers. If the skin is itchy, soothe it by applying an overt-the-counter hydrocortisone cream. In rare cases of a very bad rash, your doctor can prescribe an oral medication to reduce swelling, itching, and spreading. Probably the best known dermatitis is eczema, as these names are really interchangable. Flaky, crusty and INSANELY itchy patches of skin appear, usually on your arms, legs, face or hands. Experts believe eczema is caused by a mix of exposure to irritants and a hereditary disposition. For fast relief, visit your doctor for prescription corticosteroid creams or pills designed to relieve itching. Seborrheic dermatitis is a third common type of dermatitis. As one of the main culprits of dandruff, it causes a dry, itchy, flaky scalp. Gaining control of it by buying medicated shampoo, found at any drugstore. Look for one with ingredients like tar, salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, or ketoconazole. The last form we'll talk about is neurodermatitis. What can start out as a simple bug bite or patch of dry skin is made worse by constant scratching, which makes skin thick, leathery, and even itchier. It can become a vicious lose-lose cycle: you scratch because you itch, and then you itch because you've been scratching. Your doctor can help set you up with a routine to help. Usually this includes a mix of corticosteroids shots to help soothe the skin and bandaging of the area. For more ways to keep your skin healthy, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-11 | Tags »
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Diet and exercise are two of the best ways of preventing dimpled skin. But if you're already seeing the signs of it, there are options. Watch cellulite causes, symptoms and treatments for more.
Transcript: Cellulite: men and women worldwide curse it. It's so common, 8 out of 10 of women have some form of lumps...
Cellulite: men and women worldwide curse it. It's so common, 8 out of 10 of women have some form of lumps and bumps. And every year, they spend MILLIONS of dollars looking for a cure- most of the time with few results. My advice? Forget the expensive creams and butters. Here's the REAL scoop on how to keep your legs dimple-free. First, how do we get cellulite? Fibrous cords in your body connect muscle to the skin, with a layer of fat in the middle. When these fibers stretch tight or break down, it lets the fat bulge out, creating cellulite - especially on areas like your hips, thighs, and butt. Because we all have a layer of fat here, even skinny people aren't safe. While this breakdown of collagen fibers happens with age, your genes, a poor diet, slow metabolism, and hormone changes can speed up the process. So how do you treat it? First the bad news: Once cellulite starts, there is nothing you can do to make it completely vanish. The good news: There are ways you can reduce the appearance or even help keep it from showing up in the first place. The NUMBER ONE way to prevent and reduce dimpling is through diet and exercise. The combo of strengthening the muscles in your lower body and losing a few pounds makes everything tighter and smoother. We know this isn't an overnight cure, but you'll get the double benefit of having a healthy body. Quick-fix cures are usually a waste of money. In fact, in the case of liposuction--which is when fat is sucked out from an area of your body--some treatments can actually make it worse. If you're willing to invest money into minimizing your cellulite, the only procedures that so far have shown promise are laser and radiofrequency treatments combined with massage. This requires 2 treatments a week for several weeks and results are said to last up to 6 months. Whether you choose to treat it or not, know that cellulite is natural. Even the best of us have a few dimples to hide. Check out the rest of the videos in this series to discover more ways to keep your skin looking its best.More »
Last Modified: 2014-02-14 | Tags »
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What's the difference between boils and warts? Warts are tougher to get rid of, for starters. Learn more in this video.
Transcript: Boils and warts: even their names sound disgusting, but most people will get them at least once in their...
Boils and warts: even their names sound disgusting, but most people will get them at least once in their lives. The first step to getting rid of 'em is learning to tell the two apart. A BOIL is an infection of a hair follicle or sweat gland usually found on the thighs, butt, armpits, neck or face. They start out as red, tender bumps about the size of a PEA. After a few days, the white blood cells that have collected to fight the infection fill the bump as white pus. RESIST the temptation to pop the boil; it only makes the infection worse. Instead, help the natural opening and draining of a boil by applying a wet, hot compress or soaking it in WARM water. While most boils will go away on their own, LARGER sores might need to be drained by your doctor, who, in severe cases, may also prescribe an antibiotic to prevent further infection. Unlike boils, WARTS are typically painless. These hard, rough, skin-colored growths can form anywhere on your body. Plantar warts--the ones on your feet--MAY start hurting since you put pressure on them when you walk-they can feel similar to having a pebble in your shoe. Warts are caused by a viral infection called human papillomavirus or HPV. They're more common in young people since older folks develop immunity to this type of virus over time. Warts CAN be spread from person to person-so don't walk barefoot on moist surfaces like locker room floors, DON'T share towels or razors with an infected person, and DON'T touch other people's warts. For that matter, DON'T touch your own and then touch another part of your body. After infection, it can take up to 9 months of slow growth before you even notice a wart. Most warts go away with time, BUT it can take months if not longer. To speed the process, use an over-the-counter treatment that contains salicylic acid. Even this can take up to 12 weeks to completely get rid of a wart. If you don't have that much time between now and say... your next date night, visit your dermatologist. Your doctor can help get rid of a wart in just one or two treatments by injecting it with a shot of stronger medication, using liquid nitrogen to freeze it off, or in some tough cases removing the wart with a quick surgery. For more details on treating different types boils and warts, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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If your first reaction towards a skin boil is to squeeze it out, then you unfortunately don’t know how to treat a boil. Find the treatment for boils in this video.
Transcript: So you've got a boil. Before you start freaking out, we're here to tell you that it's no big deal. It...
So you've got a boil. Before you start freaking out, we're here to tell you that it's no big deal. It might look scary and a bit troll-like, but treating a boil is fairly simple. Boils, also known as furuncles, form when staphylococcal bacteria finds its way into a small nick or cut, or down a hair follicle. This can then form a tender, red bump about the size of a pea. In a matter of days, the bump fills with puss as white cells swarm to the area in attempt to fight the infection. If left alone, most boils develop a white head, which will eventually rupture and allow the pus and fluids to drain naturally. When it comes to boils, a big no-no is to try to squeeze the gunk out yourself. This just spreads the infection. Instead, apply a warm compress soaked in salt water for 10 minutes every few hours to help it rupture sooner. Once it starts draining, wash the area thoroughly with antibacterial soap and apply an antiseptic and a bandage. Clean and re-bandage 2 to 3 times per day. There ARE some instances where you should see your doctor. Namely, if a boil becomes very large or painful, a second boil appears, or if you develop a fever. If the boil is on your face or spine, a trip to the doctor is also wise. And people with diabetes, a heart murmur, or a weakened immune system should always seek medical attention because of the increased risk of complications. To speed recovery, your doctor will make a small incision in the tip and help drain the boil. Your doc might also prescribe an antibiotic to help fight off a bad or re-occurring infection. So how can you keep another boil from bubbling back up? It's simple: Make a regular habit of washing your hands with soap and water. If you get a cut, thoroughly scrub it and apply an antibiotic ointment and an adhesive bandage . And most importantly, avoid sharing personal items that could be harboring staph bacteria, like towels, razors, and blankets. For more ways to keep your skin healthy, check out more videos in this series.More »
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Ever heard of Vitiligo? The skin condition is often associated with Michael Jackson. Watch the video to learn about the condition and its treatment.
Transcript: When you hear the condition vitiligo, chances are you think of Michael Jackson who was widely reported...
When you hear the condition vitiligo, chances are you think of Michael Jackson who was widely reported to have suffered from this skin discoloration condition. Vitiligo is a skin condition that affects as MANY AS 4 million Americans, but most people have NEVER heard of it. So what is it? Vitiligo is a skin disease that occurs when melanocytes, the cells that produce our skin's pigment, begin to die. This causes odd-shaped white patches to appear on the hands, forearms, feet, and face. Symptoms begin between the ages of 10 and 30. No one knows the cause, but experts believe it's a combination of genetics and stressful incidents like a physical injury or emotional upset. The darker your skin, the more obvious the pigment loss. Some people with very FAIR skin may not even notice these spots until they get a tan. Most people with vitiligo will experience a repeating cycle of rapid color loss and dormant periods. There is no way to predict how much of the skin will be effected. While there is no cure yet, there are two main categories of treatment options. The first is repigmentation. Topical creams containing cortisone can be prescribed to help slow color loss and aid in repigmentation. Side effects of long-term use include thinning of the skin. Another form of repigmentation is light therapy--this works BEST on people who have over 20% of their body covered in vitiligo. One of the most successful types of light therapy is psoralen plus ultraviolet A, sometimes abbreviated as PUVA. After undergoing PUVA, the skin blisters. As it heals, it takes on more uniform color. Multiple weekly treatments are needed for up to a year. Narrow band ultraviolet B radition is also a form of light therapy. It's just as effective but safer than PUVA. The eximer laser also uses wavelengths to bring about darker skin color. This method requires 2-3 treatments a week and can be expensive. While this method is getting more popular, long-term side effects are still unknown due to lack of testing. A second treatment option is DEpigmentation-it's for people with EXTENSIVE vitiligo. Medication is applied that removes all pigment from skin, making it one uniform color. This is irreversible and can make your skin permanently sensitive to sun.If you have vitiligo, talk to your doctor about the best treatment option for you. For more ways to keep your skin and body healthy, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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